Before film was invented, it was preceded by the art forms such as plays, music theatre and the like but film as we know it today began near the beginning of the 19th century. At the end of the 1880s the world was amazed by the introduction of the motion picture camera which had the ability to photograph a long sequence of images. The reels of film would then be placed into a kinetoscope which would rapidly preview the images to simulate motion in the frames.
This was of course followed by the projector similar to the ones used now in modern day cinemas. A projector would shine a very intense light through the film in order to display the images on a large screen which could be viewed by an entire audience. The projector was much more efficient compared to the kinetoscope since the film being played on it could be viewed by a group of people rather than just one individual.
The Introduction of Sound
Electronic sound recording was first introduced in the 1920s and allowed producers to add soundtracks of speech, sound effects and music to their films. These films were often called “talkies” to differentiate between them and “movies” which at the time were all silent films only consisting of motion.
The Introduction of Color
The introduction of colors in movies was a big and unforgettable milestone in the film industry. In 1932 Technicolor introduced their three-strip process which were first used for cartoons rather than motion pictures. The first feature film to be entirely in colors was the 1935 film Becky Sharp produced by Pioneer Pictures. Becky Sharp was a very high-budget film for its time with a large portion of the money going towards the cost of the coloring process. It did extremely well both in the box office and with the critics.
The World’s Most Profitable Industry
The movie industry originated in France near the end of the 19th century where Auguste and Louis Lumière realised that they could make a fortune by touring around Europe and exhibiting their films to both royalty and to the masses. Soon after, entrepreneurs began to buy their equipment in order to photograph and screen their own films commercially. The first commercial motion picture ever made was the famous Oberammergau Passion Play which was made in 1898.
As more and more commercial motion pictures were made, motion pictures became an industry in their own right. Then came companies dedicated to producing and distributing films as well as constructing some of the first movie theatres. Even some of the first actors in this industry had already received fame and fortune for their work. In 1917 Charlie Chaplin became one of the highest paid actors in his time when he signed a contract that would pay him one million dollars a year. That would be $20,813,103 today.
The Filmmaking Capitals of The World
The movie industry in the United States was centered around Hollywood, California. Major motion companies had started producing films in Hollywood in around 1912. Hollywood was also known as Tinseltown. In India however, their movie industry was centered around what they called Bollywood in Mumbai. Bollywood produces the largest number of films annually worldwide.
The film industry has history that goes back more than a hundred years and one thing is for sure, it’s here to stay. From kinetoscopes to modern day high budget feature films one thing is for sure, the supply and demand for movies will only grow in the years to come and we will always be there to enjoy the show.